The Different Types of Home Insulation

The Different Types of Home Insulation

Your home’s insulation matters more than you think. It can be the difference between a cozy home and a bone-chilling home, keeping warm air in and cold air out. However, you can’t just install any time of insulation and expect perfect results. You need to find the right kind for your climate, needs, and budget.

Here we discuss the main types of home insulation, as well as their advantages and disadvantages:

Blanket Batts and Rolls

The most common type of insulation, blanket batts and rolls are inexpensive and easy to install. They’re typically made of fiberglass, although some consist of mineral wool, plastic fibers, or natural fibers.

Advantages

  • DIY-friendly
  • Inexpensive
  • Good for standard stud and joist spacing

Disadvantages

  • Need protective clothing to install
  • Rolls must be cut by hand
  • Can lose insulating properties more quickly due to it being easy to compress

Spray Foam Insulation

Spray foam insulation is a favorite amongst construction workers and professional remodelers. It consists of liquid polyurethane, which is then sprayed into a wall cavity until it expands and hardens into a foam.

Advantages

  • Increases wall R-value
  • Great for irregularly shaped wall cavities or hard-to-reach places
  • Seals all gaps and cracks, preventing air leaks

Disadvantages

  • More expensive than your average blanket batts and rolls
  • Typically requires professional installation
  • Open-cell spray foam may need a moisture barrier

Blown-In Insulation

Typically made of fiberglass, rock wool, or reclaimed cellulose material, blown-in insulation is another common insulation type. You use an insulation blower to install the insulation into the required area.

Advantages

  • Good for existing finished areas
  • Good for irregularly shaped walls or hard-to-reach spaces

Disadvantages

  • Requires extra equipment for installation
  • Not best for brand new areas

Foam Board or Rigid Foam

Foam boards or rigid foam panels can be used in almost every area of your home. They are made of polyurethane, polystyrene, or polyisocyanurate.

Advantages

  • Extremely multipurpose – they can be installed in any area of your home, from your floors to your attic
  • Provides up to 2 times greater thermal resistance compared to other types of insulation
  • Reduce heat conduction from your home’s structural components

Disadvantages

  • Typically requires professional installation
  • Difficult to install for finished areas

If you’re looking to install new insulation for your home, then give Ivy Lea Construction a call today.